Here are important STD screening tests you must know about
there are a few diseases that require tests even if there are no apparent symptoms. For those types of illnesses, STD screening tests are necessary.
When people are not cautious and careful in their lives; they get into trouble and difficulty. One way of doing so is to have different tests done for various diseases and afflictions. You go to laboratories for tests when you feel that there is a problem. But there are a few diseases that require tests even if there are no apparent symptoms. For those types of illnesses, STD screening tests are necessary.
Who should have the STD screening tests?
It is very essential to know the eligible candidates who must and should have the tests. It is not necessary that all of the people who are sexually active are potential targets for these tests. But as safety measures the following people must have the tests;
- The adults within the age limit of 13 to 64 should be tested for STDs and especially AIDS.
- Women who are younger and older than the age of 25 must-have diagnostic tests once a year.
- All of the ladies who are pregnant should be on the safe side and must get tested for STDs.
- All men who are interested in bisexual or have gay orientation should consult the doctor for tests after every three or six months.
Can STDs be prevented?
Every doctor and the medical practitioner will give you the same answer to this specific question; which is yes it can be prevented if you take the following precautions;
People are not careful when it comes to sex because they want to have maximum pleasure. But they forget that there are several ailments and diseases that are now becoming an epidemic because people are not taking precautions. So use recommended items to protect yourself and your partner from these illnesses.
Don’t share things:
Another way of safeguarding against STDs is not to use and share the things that are in use of a patient with any one of the diseases. They can be transmitted through blood transfusion and especially using utensils of the STD patient.
Avoid Drugs and Alcohol:
People who are under the influence of drugs and alcohol are not sometimes aware of the things and activities they are doing. It becomes a problem because they don’t know what they are doing; so minimize the use of drugs and alcohol as much as possible.
To keep you and your partner safe tests for STDs is really necessary. The tests have different time durations; some can be conducted every three months, others after six months and there are a couple of tests that need to be done yearly.
Educating the People:
Educating people is the best of all preventions. This is especially important for males and females who are working in the sex industry. They have to be very careful because at many times they don’t use protection when dealing with many clients. There are several websites that have a lot of information that can be shared. One of the websites is HealthCK which can provide all facts and news related to sexual diseases.
Important Tests you must know:
If you are having any doubts that you are infected with STDs then it is significant to have the tests to confirm whether you have the diseases or not.
HIV Antibody Test:
There are two ways to take the test; one is a blood test and the other is swabbing the mouth to take saliva samples. The laboratory worker takes a blood specimen from the arm. This takes at least a week for the results to show. But the blood from the fingertip can show outcomes faster.
A swab is used to collect a sample from the vagina and penis area. At other times urine and secretion specimen can also determine the problem. But know this that not all of the time the test come back with an infection.
If the patient develops a sore on the body then it is examined and the fluid within the sore is tested. A blood test is also a way to look for Syphilis and especially when women are pregnant. Another unique way to test is by using a spinal tap to extract fluid from the spinal cord.
Cervical Cell specimen is taken during the inspection of the pelvis through a brush or swab. A container having a liquid that preserves the fluids is used to keep the sample. This specimen fluid can be used to test for HPV and also Pap test.
A basic urine sample is taken from both men and women are taken which is known as the first catch. This means that the patient must have an interval of at least 20 minutes between the urine.
For both Hepatitis B and C simple blood test is done. But other techniques like checking the urine and other fluids of the body can also determine whether the patient is suffering from Hepatitis or not.
There are three methods by which technicians can check for Herpes in a person; taking a blood sample, checking the fluid from the sores and blisters and cerebrospinal fluid to look for meningitis.
Lastly, for Trich these types of STD screening tests are recommended in which urine and fluid samples from both men and women are taken. The parasite is not visible to the naked eye so people don’t bother to have it tested.